Things to Know About the Flu Season, its Symptoms and Prevention

Winters are round the corner and this beautiful season not only brings holidays and festivities, but also the dreaded flu or influenza. Though the cases of flu aren’t rare to find throughout the year, the number of affected people increases with alarming rates during the fall and winter. Variation can be seen in the onset time, but usually, the month of October onsets the influenza attacks. The peaks of infection can be seen in the months of December and February.
Commonly known as flu, the infection due to influenza virus is a respiratory disease that is highly contagious and affects the nose, throat and many times, whole respiratory tract as well. The infection can cause mild to severe fever and can also become fatal in the absence of proper treatments including timely injection. According to the doctors, the best way to prevent influenza infection is to go for influenza vaccine every year. As already stated, this flu is highly contagious in nature and can infect a healthy individual if he is within six feet distance from the patient.
Usually, the infection is spread by tiny droplets whenever the infected person coughs, talks or sneezes. When these droplets come in contact with a healthy person via mouth or the nose, he also become infected. Moreover, an individual can also contract the infection by coming in contact with a surface that that flu virus and then touching his mouth or nose with same hands. Many times, flu infection is mistaken for common cold because of the similar symptoms.
Influenza has many symptoms just like common cold that makes the detection a bit tough in the initial days. Some of the symptoms of influenza include fever, feverish chills, cough, sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, body aches and muscle aches, headaches, constant fatigue and diarrhoea and vomiting in some of the severe cases. Though, flu is easily treatable, there are some specific groups who are vulnerable to the infection. These include pregnant women, elders above 65 years of age, people with acute respiratory problems and young children.
Now, let us talk about the treatment of common flu. Before taking any common cold medicine, it is better to consult your physician. It is important to know if you are among the high risk people and to confirm if the symptoms are of flu or not. If it is influenza infection and the mild one, antiviral drugs are the treatment option. The antiviral drugs can reduce the infection time by 1-2 days and they also reduce the severity of the symptoms. Moreover, they also mitigate the chances of developing other severe complications such as pneumonia.
Influenza infection is something that can be easily prevented by opting for annual influenza vaccine for you and your family. If you are talking care of any infected person, make sure to wash your hands after attending them. Influenza can be easily avoided with proper prevention methods and vaccination.